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CHAPTER 7 EXAM Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____

1. According to Thomas Jefferson, the primary role of the federal government does not include a. protecting the nation from foreign threats. b. delivering the mail. c. collecting customs duties. d. expanding domestic taxes.

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2. In the hotly contested election of 1800, whose supporters claimed that a Thomas Jefferson presidency would bring to America the chaos of the French Revolution? a. Aaron Burr’s c. John Adams’ b. John Marshall’s d. James Madison’s

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3. Which of the following was a major theme of Thomas Jefferson’s inaugural address? a. uniting Republicans and Federalists c. improving the capital’s infrastructure b. increasing the size of government d. repaying the national debt

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4. French leader Napoleon Bonaparte was so eager to get rid of his American territories that when America’s ambassador tried to buy New Orleans, the French offered to sell all of Louisiana for $15 million. Which of the following statements best describes Napoleon's strategic reasoning behind this move? a. France was at war with the British and thought that an expanded U.S. would humble England’s pride sooner or later. b. Napoleon needed the $15 million from the sale to reinforce his military in the fight against the British, France’s greatest enemy. c. A slave revolt on the island of Hispaniola had dashed Napoleon’s hopes of rebuilding France’s empire in North America, so he didn’t mind giving up the Louisiana territory. d. Napoleon wanted to show that Jefferson was a hypocrite about “strict construction” by making an offer he couldn’t refuse, even without congressional approval.

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5. The Lewis and Clark expedition was undertaken in order to explore the Louisiana Purchase, learn about the plants and animals of the West, and a. provide Americans with their first accounts of the Northwest. b. establish the Corps of Discovery. c. form alliances with American Indian tribes. d. attempt to find a river route to the Pacific Ocean.

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6. Which mountains presented a major obstacle to the Lewis and Clarke expedition? a. the Appalachian Mountains c. the Rocky Mountains b. the Sawtooth Mountains d. the Blue Ridge Mountains

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CHAPTER 7 EXAM ____

7. As the result of which activity did the United States find itself involved in the war between Britain and France when it broke out in 1803? a. patrolling the English Channel with war ships b. shipping goods and war supplies to both countries c. negotiating the Louisiana Purchase d. protecting escaped British sailors from impressment

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8. In 1810, the Governor of the Indiana Territory urged Tecumseh to follow the Treaty of Greenville, signed in 1795. What was Tecumseh’s reply? a. “The white people have no right to take the land from the Indians, because the Indians had it first.” b. “If we submit, the independence of the Indians is lost.” c. “With the signing of that treaty and the loss of that land, I lost all hope.” d. “The chief who signed the white man’s treaty signed away land that was not his. It cannot be yours.”

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9. Who served as president of the United States during the War of 1812? a. George Washington c. Thomas Jefferson b. John Adams d. James Madison

____ 10. Which of the following does not help to explain why the U.S. declared war against Britain in 1812? a. British trade restrictions hurt southern planters and western farmers. b. The British navy had aided the Barbary pirates in the Mediterranean. c. British impressments were hurting the U.S. economy. d. The British had encouraged American Indians to attack settlers in the West. ____ 11. What was the significance of the Battle of the Thames River? a. It broke American Indian power in the Northwest. b. It forced the British to withdraw from Lake Erie and gave the Americans new hope. c. It led the way for an American invasion of Canada. d. It inspired the writing of the national anthem, “The Star-Spangled Banner.” ____ 12. Which of the following assertions about the War of 1812 is false? a. It produced intense feelings of patriotism among Americans. b. It strengthened American Indian resistance to Americans. c. It produced a boom in American manufacturing. d. It strengthened Americans’ faith in the democratic experiment. ____ 13. The document that ended the War of 1812 was called the a. Treaty of Fort Jackson. c. Neutrality Proclamation. b. Treaty of Ghent. d. Louisiana Purchase.

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CHAPTER 7 EXAM ____ 14. The last major conflict of the War of 1812 was the a. Battle of Baltimore. c. Battle of New Orleans. b. Battle of Horseshoe Bend. d. Battle of Tippecanoe. ____ 15. The Creek War II. The Hartford Convention reached Washington III. The Treaty of Ghent was signed IV. The Battle of Fort Detroit Which is the proper order of these major events in the War of 1812, from first to last? a. IV, I, II, III c. IV, I, III, II b. III, II, I, IV d. I, III, IV, II ____ 16. Why did Britain’s military forces gain strength in April of 1814? a. The Queen ended an expedition to South Africa and ordered the ships to the U.S. coast. b. Britain defeated France and could send more troops to America. c. France released British war prisoners who were soon added to the military ranks. d. There was a major decline in numbers of American volunteers. ____ 17. Who said “I have given England a rival who, sooner or later, will humble her pride,” and in what context? a. Captain Oliver Hazard Perry, upon the completion of the American warship, the USS Constitution b. General Napoleon Bonaparte, about the signing of the Louisiana Purchase c. an unnamed Spanish official, after trading the Louisiana Territory to France d. James Madison, when appointing Andrew Jackson to lead the Battle of Fort McHenry ____ 18. The Federalists’ plea to end the War of 1812 caused embarrassment to the party despite the fact that it was never heard in Washington. Why wasn’t it heard? a. The Federalist delegates elected at the Hartford Convention to meet with Congress missed their appointment. b. When the Federalist delegates got to Washington it was engulfed in fires the British had set, which made it politically unwise to argue against war. c. Slow communications meant the Federalist delegates hadn’t heard about the treaty that ended the war until they got to the capital. d. Republican patriots accused the Federalists of loyalty to the Queen of England, which caused them to give up and stay in Connecticut. ____ 19. In the election of 1800 the Federalists promoted a. strong state governments. c. an alliance with France. b. a strong federal government. d. rule by the people.

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CHAPTER 7 EXAM ____ 20. How did Thomas Jefferson differ from John Adams? a. He wanted to limit the powers of government. b. He wanted greater government powers. c. He wanted to appoint more federal judges. d. He wanted to add members to Congress. ____ 21. What was the purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition? a. to conquer Native Americans c. to explore the West Coast b. to explore the Louisiana Territory d. to map the Southwest

PRACTICING SOCIAL STUDIES SKILLS Study the map and passage below and answer the questions that follow.

____ 22. Lewis and Clark’s expedition took them across all of the following except a. the Bitteroot and Cascade Mountains. b. the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. c. the Arkansas River. d. Oregon Country.

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CHAPTER 7 EXAM Completion Complete each statement. 23. The ____________________ believed in rule by the people. (Federalists/Democratic-Republicans) 24. The Embargo Act was passed because of Great Britain’s violations of U.S. ____________________. (neutrality/trading policies) 25. “You can’t put doors on open country,” the ____________________ foreign minister said after failing to keep Americans out of the Louisiana Territory. (Spanish/French) 26. ____________________ sold the Louisiana Territory to Thomas Jefferson for $15 million. (Great Britain/France) 27. British backing of ____________________ was one cause of the War of 1812. (Native Americans/Spain) 28. ____________________ was one of the War Hawks who led the call for war against Britain. (Josiah Quincy/Henry Clay) 29. One effect of the War of 1812 was increased ______________________ among Americans. (impressment/patriotism) 30. The last battle of the War of 1812 was the Battle of ____________________. (Lake Erie/New Orleans)

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CHAPTER 7 EXAM Matching In the space provided, write the letter of the term or place that matches each description. Some answers will not be used. a. Andrew Jackson h. Sacagewea b. Boston i. Tecumseh c. Embargo Act j. Thomas Jefferson d. Hartford Convention k. War Hawks e. New Orleans l. Washington, D.C. f. Non-Intercourse Act m. William Henry Harrison g. Oliver Hazard Perry ____ 31. Meeting held to oppose the War of 1812 ____ 32. Important port city in the South ____ 33. Shawnee chief who urged Native Americans to unite against American settlement ____ 34. Led the Battle of Tippecanoe ____ 35. Purchased the Louisiana Territory from France ____ 36. Young members of Congress who called for war against Britain ____ 37. Shoshone Indian who served as a guide and interpreter for the Lewis and Clark expedition ____ 38. Leader of U.S. troops at the Battle of New Orleans ____ 39. Law that banned trade with Great Britain, France, and their colonies ____ 40. The British captured and burned parts of this city in the War of 1812

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DO NOT WRITE ON EXAM

CHAPTER 7 EXAM Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. According to Thomas Jefferson, ...

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